Here are two articles that act as an introduction to the notion of Comunalidad, a concept emphasised in Oaxaca, Mexico. It is introduced/summarised as:
“Comunalidad is a way of understanding life as being permeated with spirituality, symbolism, and a greater integration with nature. It is one way of understanding that human beings are not the center, but simply a part of this great natural world. It is here that we can distinguish the enormous difference between Western and indigenous thought.”
“the vitality of comunalidad as it presents itself witnesses to the integration of four basic elements: territory, governance, labor, and enjoyment (fiesta). The principles and values that articulate these elements are respect and reciprocity.”
“What needs to be taught is nothing more than sharing the sharing of anger, enchantment, routine, misfortune, pain, tenderness, joy…All of which leads us to understand that no one can teach anyone else, or all of us must teach each other, and with that we reproduce intentions and resolve needs. This is what we learn from comunalidad.”
In this then…
“Communal beings, as Benjamín Maldonado affirms, make sense of themselves in terms of their relationship with the land… a relationship with the land that is not mercantile, a relationship of sharing and caring. That is, humans are linked to the land not only for organic sustenance, but also for spiritual and symbolic sustenance…We must find in the experience of our peoples the lessons necessary to create new conceptual frameworks. And we must not be afraid to construct new epistemological notions that will lead us to transcend even ourselves.”
The second article before relating an experience of comunalidad, first relates an encounter with choba-choba in Peru:
“The term choba choba is a Quechua word that means ‘hair with hair’ (choba means ‘hair’ in Quechua Lamas). The significance of the meaning of choba-choba comes from the interweaving of hair braids that occurs during marriages. This notion is extended to the interweaving of people, communities and the land.”
Before moving on to tell us how comunalidad focuses around four aspects:
“1. Territory: Territory involves knowing the land where one is, the place that sustains the community, its history and stories, its plants and animals, not unlike what the Blackfoot where also teaching at Red Crow around place-based learning and traditional foods.
2. Work: Work involves the different kinds of jobs and skills that people from the community take part in and which is not necessarily only about an individuals’ work and skills. This can also be about collective or cooperative forms of work such as the choba chobain Peru, or the mutirão in Brazil.
3. The organisation of the community: The organisation of community life in indigenous communities and around Oaxaca happens through the various assemblies and individual roles of responsibility, cargo, which take charge of different aspects of the community.
4. The fiesta: Lastly, the fiesta is the celebration of work, of the community and the land, also having as Jaime points out, a spiritual dimension. It is the culmination of community life and comunalidad.”
Anyway read more yourself to give you a fuller picture: